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Low Bp Treatment – Definition, Symptoms, Causes, And More

Low Bp Treatment – Definition, Symptoms, Causes, And More

Definition

Low Bp Treatment – Blood pressure (or tension) corresponds to the pressure exerted by the blood, pumped by the heart against the walls of the arteries. Blood pressure is a force that allows blood to circulate through all organs. It is determined by two values systolic blood pressure, the highest value, and diastolic blood pressure, the lowest. Blood pressure values are indicated by two numbers whose unit is millimeters of mercury (mmHg). The Top (highest) is the blood pressure when the heart contracts = systolic pressure or tension. The bottom number (the lowest) is the blood pressure in the arteries when the heart relaxes = diastolic pressure or tension

Symptoms

Symptoms

In general, hypotension causes significant fatigue with yawning and a feeling of lack of energy. It is this fatigue that usually prompts you to consult a doctor.

More specifically, low blood pressure causes “tension drops” when getting up (orthostatic hypotension) or after a meal (postprandial hypotension): the head is spinning (dizziness), you may have the impression that you are about to fall, or no longer see to the sides but only in front of you (tunneling of vision). More rarely, unexplained or repeated falls may occur.

The manifestations of hypotension do not always have the same intensity and can be felt very differently depending on the person. Some hurt from it on a day-to-day basis, while others, with identical values when measuring blood pressure, are hardly bothered and will adapt to it without a problem.

Causes

Some people naturally have a lower blood pressure than average, but we don’t know why. Hypotension is also more common in young women.

The body has several blood pressure sensors (baroreceptors) locates near the heart and the carotid arteries (large arteries in the neck). When these receptors sense a change in pressure, such as standing up and more blood flowing to the legs, they send this information through nerves to the brain. Low Bp Treatment in turn, will adapt the pressure to this new situation by contracting the muscle fibers of the walls of the vessels in the limbs (through the nerves of the autonomic (or vegetative) nervous system. Which works automatically and not voluntarily. ). The brain also indirectly controls the production of hormones that influence blood pressure (renin, angiotensin, and aldosterone). These hormones will interact with the kidneys,

Treatments

To remedy hypotension, it is necessary to ensure that the person concerns drinks enough (so that the urine is always clear drinking half a liter of water before getting up can also improve the symptoms) and that he absorbs enough salt (about 12 grams per day. Which corresponds to twice the recommends daily intake). This is because hydration increases blood volume and, therefore, blood pressure. Low Bp Treatment – Similarly, an infusion of salt forces the kidney to keep more water circulating in the body, increasing the volume of circulating blood. And, therefore, blood pressure. People with low blood pressure are therefore not concerns by the public health incentive to reduce their salt consumption.

Compression stockings can also help prevent blood pressure drops by limiting blood flow to the legs when standing up. However, they must have a suitable size to sufficiently compress the legs (compression class II).

A good physical condition also helps to withstand low blood pressure when standing. Current WHO recommends thirty minutes of moderate-intensity endurance exercise (which corresponds to mild shortness of breath for 30 minutes a day for at least ten consecutive minutes per activity: brisk walking, gardening, cycling, hiking, dancing, swimming, etc. ) five times a week.

If the hypotension is significant and has not responding  to simple measures (correction of anemia, good hydration, sufficient salt intake, wearing of compression stockings, and physical exercise), oral treatment with fludrocortisone (Florinef: 0.1 0.2 mg/day) or midodrine (Gutron: 2.5 to 5 mg 3x/day) may be consideres.

Risk Factors

Hypotension is more common:

People under the age of 20, especially women who are young and thin (skinny), growing up, or have eating disorders. The elderly who, paradoxically. May be hypertensive but have blood pressure drops when standing. People with diabetes, tuberculosis, syphilis, or kidney failure. And also People with Parkinson’s disease. People with thyroid problems. Pregnant women or women who have very heavy periods in will dehydrates people

Hypotension What Is It?

Low blood pressure that causes no symptoms or produces brief, infrequent bouts of dizziness when standing up usually does not require treatment. Treatment for hypotension dramatically depends on the underlying cause. However, changing lifestyle habits is, most of the time, sufficient (see Prevention section).

Medical Treatments For Hypotension

When low blood pressure is constant and associates with taking medication, the doctor will probably advise you to stop or reduce the medication. However, medications can be prescribes when orthostatic hypotension significantly reduces the quality of life and preventive measures do not relieve symptoms. Instead, they act either on the nervous system or control blood volume3.

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