Normal Haemoglobin In Female – For women, 11.6 to 15 grams per deciliter. Each hemoglobin protein can carry four oxygen molecules distributes  throughout the body by red blood cells. Each of the billions of blood cells in the body needs oxygen to repair and maintain itself. Hemoglobin also plays a role in helping red blood cells get their disk shape, which helps them move more easily through blood vessels.

High Hemoglobin Levels

High hemoglobin levels could be indicative of polycythemia, a rare blood disease. This causes the body to make too many red blood cells, which makes the blood thicker than usual. This can lead to blood clots, heart attacks, and strokes. This is a serious chronic condition that can be fatal if left untreated. High hemoglobin can also be cause by dehydration, smoking, or living at high altitudes, or it can be relates to other conditions, such as lung or heart disease.

Low Hemoglobin Levels

Low Hemoglobin Levels Usually Indicate That A Person Has Anemia There Are Several Types Of Anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type. This form of anemia occurs when a person does not have enough iron in his body and cannot make the hemoglobin he needs. Anemia is usually cause by blood loss, but it can also be due to poor absorption of iron. This can happen, for example, when someone has gastric bypass surgery.

Pregnancy-related anemia is a class of iron deficiency anemia, which occurs because pregnancy and childbirth require a significant amount of iron. Vitamin deficiency anemia occurs when there are low levels of nutrients, such as vitamin B12 or folic acid (also called folate), in the diet. These anemias change the shape of the red blood cells, making them less effective.


The Usual Symptoms Of Low Hemoglobin Include

  • Weakness
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Fast And Irregular Heart Rate
  • Hammering In The Ears
  • Headache
  • Cold Hands And Feet
  • Pale Or Yellow Skin
  • Chest Pain

How Are Hemoglobin Levels Tested?

Hemoglobin levels are stately by a blood test. Hemoglobin, or Hb, is regularly expressing  in grams per deciliter (g/dL) of blood. A low equal of hemoglobin in the blood is directly related to a low equivalent of oxygen. In the United States, anemia is analyze if a blood examination catches less than 13.5 g/dL in a man or less than 12 g/dL in a woman. In children, normal stages vary by age.

What Should We Know About Hemoglobin Levels?

Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein found in red blood cells. Oxygen entering the lungs attaches to hemoglobin in the blood, which carries it to body tissues.

When someone doesn’t have enough red blood cells or they don’t work properly, the body feels less oxygen than it needs to function. This condition is called anemia.

Here we will look at the function of hemoglobin and how its levels are tested. We also examine the main classes of anemia in more detail and explore ways to prevent the condition.

Low Levels Of Red Blood Cells (Anemia)

What Is Anemia?

What Is Anemia_

If you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells, you have a condition called anemia. This means that your blood has lower than normal levels of hemoglobin (Hgb). However, hemoglobin is the part of the red blood cell that carries oxygen to all the cells in your body. Anemia is a common side effect in cancer patients.

What Causes Anemia?

A person with cancer can become anemic for many different reasons. Some common causes are:

cancer itself

Cancer treatment, such as radiation or chemotherapy

Blood damage (this can be bleeding from a tumor, bleeding from cancer cells entering blood vessels, or bleeding causing  by other conditions such as heavy menstruation or bleeding from a stomach ulcer)

  • Lack of certain vitamins or minerals in the diet due to not eating enough
  • Low iron levels in the blood
  • Major organ problems (including serious heart, lung, kidney, or liver disease)
  • Red blood cells that are destroying  by the body before being replace
  • The body produces fewer red blood cells
  • have chronic kidney disease
  • Having conditions such as sickle cell disease or thalassemia (inherited red blood cell disorders)
  • A combination of any of these factors

Tests To Detect The Causes Of Anemia

A complete blood count (complete blood count, or CBC) is a test that measures your hemoglobin level and other characteristics of your red blood cells (such as size). This test not only tells if you have anemia, but can also help your doctor determine its cause.

Other Tests May Also Be Needed To Help Find The Cause Of The Anemia. These Could Include

  • Biochemical analysis of the blood to check the proper functioning of the organs and the levels of vitamins and minerals
  • A blood test is called a reticulocyte count (reticulocytes are very young red blood cells recently release from the bone marrow, so this test shows how many new red blood cells your body makes).
  • A bone marrow exam to make sure the bone marrow is working the way it should
  • Blood tests to check levels of iron, vitamin B12, and folate
  • A stool test for blood (called a fecal occult blood test or FOBT )

Your doctor or nurse can use the results of these tests, along with your medical information and a physical exam, to learn what might be causing your anemia. Sometimes no cause other than “anemia of chronic disease” can be found. This type of anemia is often found in people with long-standing problems such as congestive heart failure, inflammatory diseases, or cancer.


Your health care team may try to figure out your risk of severe problems from anemia base on any symptoms you have and your hemoglobin level. If you don’t have symptoms, we will try to find out how likely you are to have them shortly.

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